Introduction to Biconical AntennasJune 2021
In a previous post, we briefly explained that broadband antennas are antennas that operate over a wide band of frequencies, or “bandwidths,” higher than 1 octave. We also explained that broadband antennas come in a variety of forms. In this post, we will discuss a particular type of broadband antenna: the biconical antenna.
The phrase “biconical antenna” describes a broadband antennas that are made up of two roughly conical conductive objects, that are nearly touching at their points. Because of their configuration, they can also be referred to as “bowtie” or “butterfly” antennas.
Larger diameter = more broadband.
Biconical antennas have dipole characteristics. The double cone elements structure contributes to their wider bandwidth. The antenna becomes more broadband as the cone angle increases.
Solid or shell biconical antennas aren’t practical for all operations.
Solid or shell bicone structures can sometimes be too large for most frequencies of operation. Thus, many antennas are designed to mimic the standard biconical geometry, but with altered structure and materials.
The wire bow-tie, for example, reduces the weight and wind resistance of a structure. Although one wire bow-tie would be very narrowband in comparison to actual cone-shaped or triangular sheet antenna, multiple (8+) intersecting wires can achieve the same radiation characteristics of its counterparts.
JEM Engineering develops low-profile and versatile biconical antennas.
They are often used in electromagnetic interference (EMI) testing either for immunity testing, or emissions testing.
They are more effective than half-wave dipoles, because biconical antennas allow continuous sweeps, allowing for more ease in discovering anomalies.
AESA stands for Active Electronically Scanned Array or Active Electronically Steered Array.
While fractals antennas have many complexities that can be discussed at length, in this post, we will examine the basics of fractal antennas.
The textbook definition of a smart antenna is “an antenna array with digital signal processing algorithms, which identify spatial signatures.” Using these spatial signatures, the smart antenna calculates beamforming vectors, which are then used to track and locate the antenna beam on a mobile or target.